Bio-attributed Rubber

Rubber produced with a large quantity of bio-based oils coming from plants or seeds. The term “bio-attributed” indicates that the use of bio-based feedstock has been ascribed using mass balance methodology, which measures the extent to which fossil fuel-derived feedstocks have been substituted by renewable or bio-feedstocks.

Carbon Footprint

A carbon footprint is a calculated value or index that makes it possible to compare the total amount of greenhouse gases that an activity, product, company or country adds to the atmosphere.

Cradle to Gate

A product’s environmental footprint up to the point where it leaves the factory gate.


Environmental Product Declaration. Defined by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14025 as a Type III declaration that quantifies environmental information on the life cycle of a product to enable comparisons between products fulfilling the same function. See Extended Glossary at the bottom of this page for more info.


Environmental, social, and governance. A set of aspects, including environmental issues, social issues and corporate governance that can be considered in investing.


Greenhouse Gas. The gases in the atmosphere that raise the surface temperature of the Earth.


Global Reporting Initiative. An international independent standards organization that helps businesses, governments, and other organizations understand and communicate their impacts on issues such as climate change, human rights, and corruption.


Global Warming Potential is a quantified measure of the globally averaged relative radiative forcing impacts of particular greenhouse gases in the atmosphere over time. In layman’s terms, it’s a measure of the Greenhouse effect in a determined time frame. See Extended Glossary at the bottom of this page for more info.


Science Based Targets. A corporate climate action organisation providing companies with a clearly-defined path to reduce emissions in line with the Paris Agreement goals.